Whether you’re painting your home or your business, choosing the right color scheme may be the most important decision you make. Beyond the simple aesthetics of your choice, color has power. It can overwhelm, calm, or energize, or inspire. In the coming weeks, we’re going to deep-dive into the psychology of color, describe how you can use it to your advantage in a business setting, and talk about the “rules” of color used by interior designers. For this first post, though, we’re going over the basics. Namely, understanding the color wheel. Once you understand that, you’ll know how to choose paint colors.
What Is the Color Wheel?
This is Color 101. For the purposes of this post, we talk about 12-hue color wheels. You find them with as few as three colors or with dozens of gradients. But 12 is the standard for the six main color schemes used in interior design.
- Three primary colors: Red, blue, and yellow
- Three secondary colors: Purple, orange, and green, the shades formed by combining the primary colors
- Six tertiary colors: These are the colors created by combining primary and secondary colors
When you see more than 12 colors on a color wheel, what you’re seeing are tints, tones, and shades. Simply put, tints lighten the pure color by adding white. (Pure colors are also known as hues.) Tones dull the pure color by adding gray, and shades darken the hue by adding black.
The color wheel to the right shows the pure color on the outer ring. Then, moving toward the wheel’s center, the tint, tone, and shade of each hue.
What Are Color Schemes?
There are six main color schemes, each described according to the 12-color wheel.
- Analogous: Uses three or more adjacent colors
- Complementary: Uses two “opposite” colors
- Double contrast: Also known as tetradic; uses two complementary pairs
- Monochromatic: Uses tints, tones, and shades of a single color
- Split complementary: Uses a base color plus two colors that lie on either side of its complement
- Triadic: Uses three evenly spaced colors
The color scheme you choose depends largely on the mood or feeling you hope to create in the space. However, don’t ignore personal taste. Make room in your color scheme for your favorite shades.
One of the more harmonious choices is the analogous color scheme, which uses three colors that lie next to each other on the color wheel. You get the best result when you choose one color as the primary, one as a supporting shade, and a third for accents.
It’s easy to create a matching décor with an analogous scheme, but some people find it dull. The right neutrals help create the contrast that keeps your color palette looking fresh and interesting.
The complementary color scheme uses two colors that lie opposite each other on the color wheel, such as red and green. When you use hues at full saturation you get an enormous amount of contrast.
This color scheme can be overwhelming if not managed properly. Some people choose tints or tones instead of pure colors, which helps mute them a bit. Or, they save the complementary colors for areas they want to really stand out, relying mainly on neutrals for the rest of the space.
Also known as a rectangle or tetradic color scheme, this palette uses two pairs of complementary colors. It offers an incredible level of variety, but it works best if you choose a single shade as the dominant color.
When using the double contrast color scheme, try to balance your warm and cool colors.
A monochromatic color scheme may sound dull, but with so many shades, tints, and tones within a single color, you have nearly endless possibilities. And, of course, there are also the numerous neutral shades available.
Typically, a monochromatic palette relies on the pure color for its accent. Your dominant and secondary colors will be your tones, tints, and shades.
In the split complementary color scheme, you choose your base color and then the two hues on either side of its complement. You get the benefit of contrast as with the complementary palette, but it’s a bit less jarring to the eye (and psyche).
This is considered one of the easier palettes to incorporate. Most people choose the base color for their accent as it is typically the most vibrant of the three.
This palette uses three colors that are evenly spaced throughout the color wheel. The three primary colors are the most obvious, but you can use any three colors, providing three other colors separate them on the wheel.
The triadic color scheme is extremely energetic and vibrant. Not even the unsaturated versions of your hues do much to tone it down. The most successful uses of this palette choose one color to be the dominant shade. Then, use the other two colors equally as accents.
What Are Neutral Colors?
You’re probably used to seeing whites and earth tones, but don’t be afraid of grays and black. As with all neutrals, they go with every color from pale pastels to vibrant jewel tones. No matter which neutral shades you choose, they help your accent colors “pop” without letting them overwhelm the space.
Black isn’t used often, but it’s a great way to add both balance and depth to a color scheme. It’s rare to find a color that’s both neutral and dramatic, but black pulls it off.
What Is Color Temperature?
Colors are categorized as either cool or warm. If you want a room or space to feel calm and relaxing, choose cool colors, such as blues, purples, and most greens (shades that tilt toward yellow are warm). When you’re looking for energy and life, turn to reds, yellows, and oranges.
It’s important to note that room size also impacts the “energy” of a room. For example, warm colors in a small space often result in a claustrophobic feeling. A large space painted in cool colors can feel cold and austere.
Are You Ready to Get Started?
Whether you’re painting interior or exterior, commercial or residential, color choice is vital. The team at Five Star Pro Painting can help you find the perfect palette for your project. For a free quote, call us at 800-776-0750. Or, complete our contact form and we’ll call you!